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Level 7
32,450 XP
1 month ago
Activity icon

Started a new Conversation Password + Passwordless Login In One Application

So I am building an application for a client who manages events that are staffed by volunteers from local non-profit organizations. There are four user roles (volunteer, organization manager, stand manager, and administrator) in the system of which one user can belong to many. I am using the spatie/laravel-permission package to manage these.

The challenge that I'm facing is that I would like to require a different method of authentication based on the user's role. More specifically:

  • I would like to authenticate users with the "volunteer" role attempting to access volunteer related content via a password-less email link using the grosv/laravel-passwordless-login package.

  • Whereas, I would like to authenticate users with the "organization manager", "stand manager", and "administrator" roles attempting to access their role's respective content via email and password using the Laravel Fortify package.

The reasoning behind this request from the client is to reduce the friction of the volunteer registration process, as their current system requires users to create an account to register, resulting in reduced registration completion rates and issues with returning volunteers forgetting their passwords and having to go through the trouble of resetting it.

While I have contemplated creating a dedicated Volunteer model separate from the User model, I feel this would only be pushing the issue to another part of the application rather than truly resolving it.

My current thoughts are as follows:

  • As the majority of users will be volunteers who do not require a password, extract the password column to its own table to avoid making the password column nullable.

  • When a user with a role that requires a password attempts to access content for their respective role, authenticate them (via a guard or middleware?) and require them to set a password if one does not already exist for their user account.

I'm lost however as to how I should manage the authentication state for the different authentication methods. For example, if a user has been accessing volunteer specific content that has only required them to authenticate via the password-less method and then attempts to access say administrator content that requires a password, how do I differentiate between the two "levels" of authentication?

All help that can be offered is greatly appreciated. Thanks!