@Cronix Thank you! It is working!!! I was surprised that I don't need to have compact('organization', 'receivers'), and it is still working, I will close this question. If you have time, do you know what is the right syntax to include both ['organization_id' => $request->organization_id] and compact('organization', 'receivers')? If not, that's fine too. I will just keep play around and figure that out. Thank you for your time today!